Present Continuous Tense Kullanımı ve Örnekler

Present Continuous Tense (Şimdiki Zaman)

■ KULLANIM

Konuşma anmda devam eden isler anlatilir:
Why are you listening to such bad music? (Niye boylesi kotO bir miizigi dinliyorsun?)
She is trying another dress for her birthday. (Dogum glintl icin ba$ka bir elbise deniyor.)
They are painting the house. (Evi boyuyorlar)
Gelecekte planlanmi? bir durum belirtir:
They are going to the sea at the weekend. (Hafta sonu denize gidiyorlar)

We are going on a holiday this summer. (Bu yaz tatile gidiyoruz)
Gecici durumlar (temporary situations) icin kullanilir:
He is attending an English course. (ingilizce kursuna gidiyor)
What is he doing these days? (Bu gilnlerde ne yapiyor?)


Tekrar tekrar olan eylemler icin kullanilir:

He is always having a charity party. (Daima hayir partisi diizenliyor)
She is always losing her slippers. (Papuclanm her zaman kaybediyor)

Konusmacınin kararliligini belirtir:

You are not going anywhere. (Hicbir yere gitmiyorsun)
I am not supporting you. (Sizi desteklemiyorum)

Bu zamanla sik kullanilan zaman zarfları :

at the moment, now, at present, still, currently.


Present Continuous tense ile kullanilmayan fiiller (non-progressive verbs):

Verbs of the senses (Duyu eylemleri):
Feel, hear, see, smell, taste

Verbs expressing feelings and emotions (His ve duygu bclirten eyiemler)
: Desire, admire, detest, adore, appreciate, dislike, fear, hate, like, loathe, love, mind, wish, want, value, respect.

Verbs of mental activity (Zihinsel etkinlik belirten eyiemler):
Understand, know, believe, think, recognize, recollect, remember, forget, mean, suppose, appreciate, realize, recall. perceive, assume.

Verbs of possession (iyeiik eylemleri): Have, possess, own, belong to, owe.
+ Bu fiillerden bazilan continuous tense ile de kullanilabilir ve anlamlan degisir. Dikkat ctmemiz gereken ick husus bu - etken halde kullanilip kullamlmadigi-, yani nesne ahp almadigidir:

think
Consider (diisiinmek) manasinda : What are you thinking about ?
I am thinking of buying a new car.

Believe 
(inanmak) manasinda:
What do you think will happen?
(What do you believe will happen?)

feel
Dokunmak anlaminda: The nurse was feeling his pulse. Gibi gflriinmek anlaminda: You feel well today veya
You are feeling well today

smell
Kokmak anlaminda: Your house smells superb.
Koklamak aniaminda: Why are you smelling my house?

taste
Tadinda olmak anlaminda: This meal tastes delicious.
Tatmak aniaminda : He was tasting the soup.

look
Gibi görilnmek anlaminda: This meal looks bad.

 

Örnek diyaloglar:

The teacher : What is Mrs. Alleyne doing?
The student : Mrs. Alleyne is reading a book.
The teacher : Is the cat walking?
The student : No, it is not. The cat is sleeping.
The teacher : Is there a fire in the fireplace?
The student : Yes there is. A fire is burning in the fireplace.

The teacher : What is Mr. Alleyne doing?
The student : He is playing the piano.
The teacher : Is Sally dancing?
The student : No, she isn’t. She is listening to the piano.

 
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